The nomenclatural status of names proposed for tetraodontiform fishes in a paper by A. Duméril summarising an unpublished work by Bibron is reviewed. Although not latinised, 13 generic names (Chilomyctere, Stenometope, Dichotomyctere, Promecocephale, Dilobomyctere, Amblyrhynchote, Geneion, Catophorhynque, Batrachops, Monotrete, Ephippion, Xenoptere, Rhynchote) and six specific names (Tetraodon longicauda, T. rueppelii, T. maculatum, Ephippion maculatum, Xenoptere bellangerii, T. peronii) are made available by Duméril (1855). The use of latinised versions of the same names by Troschel (1856) and Hollard (1857) are subsequent incorrect spellings. Differences between the definition of «vernacular name» in the English and French Glossaries of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature are noted. The identity of the type species of Lagocephalus Swainson, 1839 is discussed, and it is concluded that L. stellatus Swainson, 1839 is a junior subjective synonym of T. lagocephalus Linnaeus, 1758, Swainson’s reference to plate 143 of Bloch (1785) being a lapsus for plate 140.
Pisces, Tetraodontiformes, Tetraodontidae, Diodontidae.