The caribou (Rangifer tarandus) is the main land game of this Canadian Eastern Arctic Inuit group. After an as-yet little understood near disappearance in the first half of the XXth century, it has recently re-appeared and is keenly sought for. The introduction of repeating firearms at the turn of the century has modified hunting methods, on a social as well as technical level. Formerly collective, the chose is now an individual endeavour and modem means of transport allow hunters to pursue their prey efficiently all year round. However, mechanisms of auto-régulation have to this day prevented over-predation.
Canadian Eastern Arctic, Inuit, Iglulingmiut, Hunting, Caribou.