The paper will describe trade contacts between China and Borneo and then examine three consequences for the indigenous societies of Borneo, The first is the manner in which the trade items became incorporated into some of the indigenous societies as prestige property, and the second the means by which a symbiotic relationship was established in the northern part of Sarawak between the hunter-gatherer collectors of jungle produce and the farming societies which traded with the Chinese. The hunter-gatherer s rarely met the Chinese themselves, they exchanged their jungle products with the settled societies for salt, tobacco and cloth. The two types of society maintained a long term association, in which each accepted the autonomy of the other, but where there was no marked tendency for the hunter-gatherer s to adopt farming. The third aspect to be considered is the part played by this trade in the process whereby another group, the Iban did adopt farming.
China, Borneo, Trade, Iban, Exotics.