Englerodendron korupense Burgt (Fabaceae, Caesalpinioideae), a new tree species from the southern part of Korup National Park in Cameroon, is described and illustrated. Only 16 trees of this new species have been found up to the present. The largest of them was 36 m high and had a stem diameter of 83 cm. The inflorescence is a terminal pendulous panicle, up to 64 cm long, on twigs and branches of up to c. 10 cm diameter. The flowers are 5-merous; the petals are light red and almost equal in size; there are also 5 staminodes. The leaves are usually paripinnate with 2-5 pairs of opposite leaflets; the leaflets are elliptic but those of the lowest pair are ovate.