The identity of Cephalanthus chinensis Lam. (Rubiaceae) is once more established. This name refers to a species of Breonia from Madagascar, which must therefore be calledBreonia chinensis (Lam.) Capuron. The genus Anthocephalus A. Rich. based on Cephalanthus chinensis becomes a synonym of Breonia A. Rich. ex DC. and a new name, Neolamarckia Bosser, was previously proposed for Anthocephalus auct.